Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Organization and Basis of Presentation

Organization and Basis of Presentation
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Organization and Basis of Presentation Organization and Basis of Presentation

Hanmi Financial Corporation (“Hanmi Financial,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) is a bank holding company whose subsidiary is Hanmi Bank (the “Bank”). Our primary operations are related to traditional banking activities, including the acceptance of deposits and the lending and investing of money through the operation of the Bank.

In management’s opinion, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Hanmi Financial and its subsidiaries reflect all adjustments of a normal and recurring nature that are necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim period ended September 30, 2019, but are not necessarily indicative of the results that will be reported for the entire year or any other interim period. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. The unaudited consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with GAAP and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. The interim information should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 (the “2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K”).

The preparation of interim unaudited consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates and assumptions affect the amounts reported in the unaudited financial statements and disclosures provided, and actual results could differ.

Descriptions of our significant accounting policies are included in Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Notes to consolidated financial statements in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (Topic 825) and ASU 2018-02, Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). Summaries of ASU 2016-01 and 2018-02 and the impact of their adoption are included in Notes 2 and 5 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements, respectively. In addition to other provisions, ASU 2016-01 requires public business entities to use the exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes. Beginning with the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company measured the fair value of certain financial instruments, included in Note 10 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements, using an exit price notion.

The Company also adopted ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), as of January 1, 2018, as required. ASU 2014-09 replaces existing revenue recognition guidance for contracts to provide goods or services to customers and amends existing guidance related to recognition of gains and losses on the sale of certain nonfinancial assets such as real estate.  See Note 13 to the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements for the impact of the adoption of this new standard on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to recognize a right of use asset and a lease liability on their balance sheet for all leases, including operating leases, with a term of greater than 12 months. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, which adds a transition option permitting entities to apply the provisions of the new standard at its adoption date instead of the earliest comparative period presented in the consolidated financial statements. Under this transition option, comparative reporting would not be required, and the provisions of the standard would be applied prospectively to leases in effect at the date of adoption. The Company elected to use the optional transition method provided by ASU 2018-11. The Company also elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which allowed the Company to carry forward its ASC 840 assessment regarding definition of a lease, lease classification, and initial direct costs. The following practical expedients were applied during implementation of this standard:

We did not reassess whether any expired or existing contracts are, or contain, leases. Additionally, we did not reassess for lease classifications of expired or existing leases, or initial direct costs for any existing leases.

We applied incremental borrowing rates as of adoption date of January 1, 2019.

We elected to not separate non-lease components from lease components and, instead, to account for each separate lease component and the non-lease components associated with it as a single lease component recognized on the balance sheet. This election has been made for all classes of leases.

We elected the short-term lease exception, which allows us to account for leases with a lease term of twelve months or less to be accounted for similar to existing operating leases. The cost of these leases is disclosed, but is not recognized in the right-of-use asset and lease liability balances. Consistent with ASC 842 requirements, leases that are one month or less are not included in the disclosures.

We have elected to account for the leases under the portfolio approach applying them prospectively for this accounting change. The portfolio approach allows us to present multiple similar leased assets in a pool and prospectively allows us to commence the calculation of the portfolio of leases using the remaining commitments from adoption date forward.

See Note 14 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements for the impact of the adoption of this new standard on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

FASB ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, introduces new guidance for the accounting for credit losses on instruments within its scope. The new guidance introduces an approach based on expected losses to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments. It also modifies the impairment model for available-for-sale debt securities and provides for a simplified accounting model for purchased financial assets with credit deterioration since their origination. Current expected credit losses (“CECL”) model, will apply to: (1) financial assets subject to credit losses and measured at amortized cost; and (2) certain off-balance sheet credit exposures. This includes loans, held-to-maturity debt securities, loan commitments, financial guarantees, and net investments in leases, as well as reinsurance and trade receivables. Upon initial recognition of the exposure, the CECL model requires an entity to estimate the credit losses expected over the life of an exposure (or pool of exposures). The estimate of expected credit losses (“ECL”) should consider historical information, current information, and reasonable and supportable forecasts, including estimates of prepayments. Financial instruments with similar risk characteristics should be grouped together when estimating ECL. ASU 2016-13 is effective for public entities for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019. On July 2, 2019, the FASB voted to delay CECL's effective date for non-public companies and Smaller Reporting Companies who are public filers. Due to the Company's categorization as a large accelerated filer, this delay will not have any impact on its adoption of ASU 2016-13. The Company has established a steering committee comprised of senior executives from the Accounting and Credit Risk functions and has engaged third party consultants to support CECL adoption activities.

The Company is currently engaged in CECL implementation activities and has completed development of its methodologies, data/input gathering and validation, and initial testing of its designed models. The Company plans to leverage three loss rate methodologies across the Bank's four major loan and lease segments.

The Company commenced parallel processing and review of the model outputs during the three-month period ended September 30, 2019. In addition, the Company has devised risk documentation and policies and procedures associated with CECL to support the ongoing estimation activities and the continuous assessment of risks related to the methodology and its models, and data governance. As of September 30, 2019, the Company continues to evaluate the impacts of ASU 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements.